Although faecal pellet counts have been widely used to index changes in deer abundance in forests, few studies have modelled the relationship between indices and deer density. 

We examined the relationships between 3 faecal pellet indices (total pellets, pellet groups and pellet frequency) and the density of deer (primarily red deer) in 20 enclosures in North and South islands of New Zealand. 

Our results suggest that faecal pellet counts may be useful indices of deer abundance. 


Access the article here: Modeling the Relationship between Fecal Pellet Indices and Deer Density on JSTOR

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